Many times people ask me about the necessity of oversampling DSF (DSD hi-res audio files) from DSD64 to DSD128. This is a complex issue. Many links in this viewed chain. But we try to watch the possible advantages of DDS64 to DSD128 conversion. At least theoretically for almost ideal conditions. This experiment doesn't consider DAC's role in sound quality.
To re-sample DSD audio file:
DVD-audio/video, Blu-Ray, DVD/BluRay/CD ISO are NOT supported.
For Modula-R version, SACD ISO, DSF, DFF are supported in proper configurations.
For ISO tracks, DSF, DFF longer than 3 minutes, FREE edition mutes 2-second silence in the output middle and has other restrictions
1. WAV-file (sample rate 176 kHz), which contains sweep sine 0 ... 20 kHz, was taken as a source file.
2. Source WAV was converted to files DSF D64 (further DSF-D64) and DSF D128 (further DSF-D128) via AuI ConverteR 48x44.
3. File DSF-D64 was converted to file DSF D128 (further DSF-D64-D128) via AuI ConverteR 48x44.
4. Files DSF-D64, DSF-D128 and DSF-D64-D128 were converted to WAV files for comparison in the spectrum analyzer.
Attention: All pictures shown below depend on algorithms of spectrum analyzer (FFT length, applied window, overlap, ...), encoding and decoding PCM to DSF and DSF to PCM.
For experiments, you can download AuI ConverteR 48x44 FREE.
Cuts by the level of sonogram (frequency-time spectrogram) are shown here. The vertical axis is frequency, the horizontal axis is time.
Level -4 dB. The peak of sweep sine signal is lower this level.
Level -5 dB. Here we watch the sweep sine signal (green arrow pointing it out). Its frequency grows with time.
Level -132 dB. Here we watch noise (red arrow point it out) at DSF-D64. Other files haven't noise while.
Level -137 dB. The first noise peaks appear at DSF-D64-D128. DSF-D128 has pure sweep sine as before.
Level -140 dB. DSF-D128 has pure sweep sine as before.
Level -164 dB. DSF-D128 has the first noise peaks. DSF-D64-D128 is almost hidden under noise. DSF-D64 hidden.
The noise floor of DSF-D64 begins at -132 dB, DSF-D64-D128 at -137 dB, DSF-D128 at -164 dB.
1. Noise floor of DSF-D128 better DSF-D64 converted to D128 at 27 dB.
2. Noise floor of DSF-D128 better DSF-D64 at 32 dB.
3. Noise floor of DSF-D64 converted to D128 better original DSF-D64 at 5 dB.
If we convert PCM to DSF, DSD128 using gives us a gain of useful loudness range 32 dB.
If we convert DSD64 to DSD128 we have a gain of useful loudness range 5 dB.
These values depend on audio conversion software and hardware used for playback and methods of measurement.
For DSF we get the improvement in noise level when converting DSD64 to DSD128
Update: experiment was executed in 2014 with old version of AuI ConverteR. Modified D64 modulator work better and currently not difference between D64 and D64, upsampled to D128.
Audio Basis - articles about audio
January 31, 2023 updated | since October 2, 2014