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DFF File Extension [How to open? Players Converters, Definitive guide]

Audio Basis - educational articles

DFF file extension (.dff, DSDIFF) is one of DSD (1-bit audio) file formats to audiophile music and other recordings. Read below about features, sound quality, format comparisons, how to open DFF audio file: convert, play, edit.


 


Watch and share: How to convert DFF to DSF
 
Watch and share: What is DSD audio? Definitive explanation
 

DFF Features

Features of DFF file audio:

 

 

 

Structure

DFF format audio consists of data blocks (chunks). There are 8 standard types of chunks. [1]

Non-standard chunk may be embedded to DFF file. However, if reading application can't recognize the chunk, it is skipped.

There is absolute start time chunk, that may be useful in professional applications.

 

Channel number

Channel number of .dff audio file is limited by abilities of channel number field in the channels chunk of the format. There is applied channel mask with reserved several channel types ("Left", "Right", etc.) and there is custom reserve range for other types of channels.

Also there is separate loudspeaker configuration chunk (optional).

 

Audio data

DSD (uncompressed) and DST compressed sound data stored differently:

  • DSD sound data is stored as single chunk
  • DST sound data is stored as information chunk and frames (data and frame CRC chunks).

 

Metadata

Metadata (track, album names, performer, artwork, etc.) chunk may be added to DFF as non-standard chunk (data block). But only application, that can recognize the metadata block, will read and display it.

 

 

Quality issues (DFF versus DSF)

 

Read article DSD vs DSF vs DFF Files Audio. What is difference >

DSF vs. DFF is not complex matter. Because both formats are very similar.

Comparison DFF and DSF

Feature DSF DFF
Audio content Binary identical to DFF Binary identical to DSF
Lossless compression no DST
Sample rate DSD64, DSD128, DSD256,... DSD64, DSD128, DSD256,...
Bit depth 1 1
Multichannel Yes Yes
Metadata Standard way Non-standard data block, can cause compatibility issues

DFF and DSF are binary identical as DSD data storage.

DSF allow to save metadata standard way (DSF audio player applications capable read it, as rule).

Multibit DSD samples are not so important for sound quality. Read more about bit depth and sample rate >

Both formats allow flexible configuration for multichannel files.

Warning: some software can convert DSF to DFF or back with audio modifications (non-bit-perfect mode). So checking of every converting tool is recommended.

Read about comparison DSD files (infographic) >

 

 

Quality issues (DFF versus PCM)

 

Sound quality of files defined as quantization-noise-management abilities of DSD modulator and quality of filtering in demodulator.

It is completely like to DSF vs PCM.

In general, DFF and PCM is same things. But DFF use minimal bit depth (1-bit).

But the minimal bit depth cause minimal dynamic range. To expand the dynamic range noise shaping (pushing noise energy out of audible frequency band) is used.

But pushing the energy demands reserve of the total frequency band of audio signal. Thus DFF use higher sample rate.

 

Watch and share: DSD vs FLAC comparison
 

 

Read details:

 

 

DFF file players

 

  1. Audirvana (Mac)
  2. Amarra (Mac, Windows)
  3. Foobar 2000 (Windows)
  4. JRiver (Mac, Windows, Linux)

DFF file audio players can transmit sound stuff into 1-bit DSD DAC as is. Also DFF file may be converted inline ("on fly") to PCM for playback at PCM DAC.

 

PCM to DSD conversion and DSD to PCM cause quality losses.

Alternatively, DFF file may be pre-converted to PCM offline (non-realtime) via audio converter software. Offline conversion is not limited by time of CPU calculations and "heavy" precise algorithms may be used.

Also some DFF player compatibility issues are known: channel number, metadata artwork size or other.

For audio players, that are stereo capable only, conversion multichannel DFF 5.1 to stereo is used.

 

Read more about DSD players >

 

DFF converters

How to convert DFF:

  1. DFF to FLAC Converter >
  2. DFF to DSF Converter >
  3. DSF to DFF Converter >
  4. DFF to DSF Conversion on Mac OSX, Windows, Linux >
  5. How convert DST compressed DFF under Windows (User Guide) >

 

Converter software

  1. AuI ConverteR 48x44 (Mac, Windows)
  2. Audiogate (Mac, Windows)
  3. Foobar 2000 (Windows)
  4. JRiver (Mac, Windows, Linux)
  5. dff2dsf (Mac, Windows, Linux)
  6. dsf2dff (Windows)
  7. More converters

 

 

Watch and share: How to convert DFF to FLAC mp3 WAV AIFF others on Mac Windows
 

 

Downloads

  1. Utility to convert DSF to DFF (Windows) dsf2dff.exe download here.
  2. Utility to convert DFF to DSF (Windows, Mac, Linux) dff2dsf download here.

 

 

How to Edit DFF

 

This format may be edited 3 steps:

  1. conversion DFF to PCM,
  2. editing into PCM audio editor,
  3. conversion PCM to DFF back.

To minimize losses, PCM 32- or 64-bit float is recommended.

Multiple or non-multiple PCM sample rate is not matter to pro audio conversion software.

Target sample rate define maximal band of musical signal.

As general recommendation, you can use PCM sample rate 174.4 or 352.8 kHz.

Read more about DSD editing here >

 

 

Read also

  1. DSD vs DSF vs DFF Files Audio >
  2. What Inside DSD Converter of Audio Files >
  3. Which is best audio file format >

Read other site parts

  1. DSF File Format Audio. DSF File Extension >
  2. FLAC file format >
  3. Audio converter >
  4. DSF DFF WAV FLAC AIFF mp3 ... converter >
  5. ISO converter [1-bit audio] >
  6. CD ripper audio >
  7. Metadata editor >
  8. Tutorials >
  9. Audio Basis - educational program >

 

How to Open DFF File Extension [Players. Converters. Edit]

 


References
  1. DFF specification

 

 


Read other articles about audio issues

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